The San Francisco Peaks
Close-up of the doorway
Anasazi Culture - More Wukoki Views
including indentations for
2nd story floor supports.
According to data from Dendrochronology, the years between AD 1276 and AD 1299 were those of
extreme drought -- seasonal periods when there was practically no rain. Although "dry farming"
was practiced in some of the Plateau areas, most of the Anasazi sites appear to have relied on
flood-water farming -- where water is diverted during flooding caused by intense rainfall. While
there are other theories concerning the disappearance of the Anasazi culture by AD 1300, the
extensive, prolonged drought lasting more than 20 years is the likely cause. Other theories include
destruction by invading cultures, but the buildings do not give definite evidence of that. Petroglyph
and pictograph features do not indicate the presence of invaders either.
There are 3 distinct architectural styles based on the type of brick-and-mortar construction in
Anasazi pueblos -- Chaco, Mesa Verde, and Kayenta. The construction technique at Wukoki is
typical of the Mesa Verde construction pattern, and other dating techniques corroborate the
contemporaneity of the two pueblos. This is important for a clearer understanding of the origin and
relatedness of Wupatki and Wukoki. Some prehistorians and others have placed these ruins with
the Sinagua culture because of the proximity to Sinagua sites such as Walnut Canyon and
Montezuma's Castle, but on the basis of architecture it is clear that Wupatki and Wukoki belong to
the end of the Anasazi culture tradition.